The Victoria Memory Clinic


What is Dementia? Dementia is the loss of everything you know.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is not a 'normal' part of aging. Rather, dementia is caused by disease.

What is Dementia?

The word 'dementia' is a general term that refers to a syndrome in which there is a deterioration of mental functioning, i.e., loss of memory, language, and reasoning abilities, as well as changes in occupational and social functions.

Dementia is not a 'normal' part of aging. Rather, dementia is caused by disease.


Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer Disease is the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer Disease is a fatal disease that begins with gradual breakdown of nerve cells in particular regions of the brain that are essential to memory functioning. Eventually, nerve cells in other parts of the brain degenerate leading to loss of other functions.


Frontal Lobe Dementia / Pick's Disease

Frontal Lobe Dementia, otherwise known as Pick's Disease, is a progressive dementia with primary symptoms being personality change and deterioration of language abilities. In the early stages, memory may not be affected.


Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy Body Dementia is a progressive dementia that results in loss of memory, language, reasoning, and other thinking abilities. Hallucinations are common. Changes in posture and gait may take place along with rigidity of muscles and tremors. Compared to Alzheimer Disease, memory and cognitive deterioration occurs more quickly.



Certain other conditions that may result in deterioration of memory and cognition, and consequently imitate the symptoms of dementia, include:

  • Depression
  • Drug interactions
  • Thyroid or Heart disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Infections
  • Insufficient food or liquids

The Victoria Memory Clinic
250 - 4392 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V8Z 3E9
Telephone: 250.881.1145 | Fax: 250-590-6673
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